The 7.62x25mm Tokarev cartridge is a bottle-necked pistol cartridge designed in the Soviet Union and widely used in the USSR and Soviet satellite states. It is effectively a more powerful Soviet version of the 7.63x25 Mauser cartridge.
The two are physically very similar and many weapons can chamber both. However, the significantly higher power of the 7.62x25mm Tokarev will likely lead to weapon damage and user injury. The Czech version is loaded to 25% higher pressure yet, leading to significantly higher velocity and energy but also to greater danger if used in weapons not designed for it! The Czech ammunition can safely be used in your sturdy CZ-52 but it must not be used in weapons not specifically designed for it
The Starline Brass site
has this warning for reloaders:
This case [the 7.62x25mm Tokarev] is very similar, except for the difference in length, to the .30 Mauser. Due to higher operating pressures, if the .30 Mauser cases are fired with hotter 7.62x25 loads in the CZ-52, it will tear the neck off some cases. 30 Mauser O.A.L. is .980" to .985" while 7.62x25 O.A.L. is .958" to .962".
Comparison to other common rounds
Below are three 7.62mm cartridges used by Warsaw Pact firearms: the 7.62x25mm Tokarev, the 7.62x39mm rifle cartridge used in the SKS 45 (Самозарядный карабин системы Симонова) and the AK-47 Калашникова rifles, and the 7.62x54R (rimmed) cartridge used in the Mosin-Nagant rifle (Винтовка Мосина).
The second picture shows some common handgun cartridges, including the 7.62x25mm Tokarev.
Common user reports are that the recoil, report, and muzzle flash of a 7.62x25mm Tokarev cartridge are similar to those of a .357 SIG. The unusually loud report and prominent muzzle flash can be surprising. This round can perform more like a small rifle cartridge than a typical pistol cartridge.
7.62x25mm Tokarev Cartridge Specifications
|Bullet Diameter||7.8 mm||0.31"|
|Neck Diameter||8.4 mm||0.33"|
|Shoulder Diameter||9.4 mm||0.37"|
|Base Diameter||9.7 mm||0.38"|
|Rim Diameter||9.9 mm||0.39"|
|Rim Thickness||1.3 mm||0.051"|
|Case Length||25 mm||0.98"|
|Primer||Berdan or Boxer|
7.62x25mm Tokarev Ballistic Performance
|Bullet weight & type||Velocity||Energy|
|5.5 g (85 gr), JHP||376 m/s||1,230 ft/s||390 J||290 ft-lb|
|5.8 g (90 gr), FMJ||409 m/s||1,340 ft/s||488 J||360 ft-lb|
| 5.5 g (85 gr), FMJ
|500 m/s||1,640 ft/s||688 J||512 ft-lb|
The "Czech Load" as it's known is suitable for use only in handguns specially designed for the higher pressure such as the CZ-52.
Some reloading experimenters have custom-loaded 7.62x25mm cartridges with sabot rounds using 3.6 gram (55 grain) .22 caliber bullets, obtaining rifle-like muzzle velocities in excess of 670 m/s (2200 ft/s). That would correspond to kinetic energy of 808 J (601 ft-lb).
Weapons chambered in 7.62x25mm Tokarev
- The Czech CZ-52, of course!
- Soviet ТТ-30, 7,62-mm самозарядный пистолет Токарев образца 1930 года or 7.62mm Samozarjadnyj Pistolet Tokareva obraztsa 1930 goda, or "7.62mm Self-loading Pistol 'Tokarev' in the model of the year 1930", slightly modified into the ТТ-33, and still being manufactured with further modifications by Norinco. Romania manufactured a copy of the TT-33 known as the TTC, or Cugir Tokarov.
- Russian ОЦ-27 Бердиш or OTs-27 Berdysh (NATO designator: "Pole-Axe"), developed in the early 1990s to replace the standard Makarov PM service pistol in service with the Russian Armed Forces.
- Soviet PPD-40, Пистолет-Пулемет Дегтярева, Pistolet-Pulemyot Degtyaryova or "Degtyaryova Machine Pistol", designed by Vasily Degtyaryov in 1934 as a near-copy of the German MP28.
- Soviet PPSh-41, Пистолет-Пулемет Шпагина, Pistolet-Pulemyot Shpagina, or "Sphagina Machine Pistol", designed by Georgi Shpagin in 1941 as an inexpensive produced and easily maintained alternative to the PPD-40.
- Soviet PPS-43, Пистолет-Пулемет Судаева, Pistolet-Pulemyot Sudayeva, or "Sudayeva Machine Pistol", even simpler than the PPSh-41.
- Czech CZ Model 25, properly known as the Sa.25, Sa.48b, or samopal vz.48 výsadkový